PDA

View Full Version : Challenging words



ေနမွဴးးး
09-25-2012, 01:08 PM
1st Week / 1st Day
New words : voracious indiscriminate eminent steeped replete


Reading wisely - The youngster who reads voraciously, though indiscriminately, does not necessarily gain in wisdom over the teenager who is more selective in his reading choices. A young man who has read the life story of every eminent athlete of the twentieth century, or a coed who has steeped herself in every social-protest novel she can get her hands on , may very well be learning all there is to know in a very limited area. But books are replete with so many wonders that it is often discouraging to see bright young people limit their own experiences.


Sample sentences : On the basis of the above paragraph, try to use your new words in the following sentences. Occasionally, it may be necessary to change the ending of a word; e.g, indiscriminately to indiscriminate.
1. The football game was ………….with excitement and great plays.
2. The ……author received the Nobel Prize for literature.
3. My cousin is so …… in schoolwork that his friends call him a bookworm.
4. After skiing, I find that I have a …………… appetite.
5. Modern warfare often results in the …………… killing of combatants and innocent civilians alike.


Definitions: Now that you have seen and used the new words in sentences, and have the definitions “ On the tip of your tongue” try to pair the words with their meanings.
6. Voracious a. of high reputation, outstanding
7. Indiscriminate b.completely filled or supplied with
8. Eminent c. choosing at random without careful selection
9. Steeped d. desiring or consuming great quantities
10. Replete e. soaked, drenched, saturated
Today’s Idiom to eat humble pie – to admit your error and apologize
After his candidate had lost the election, the boastful campaign manager had to eat the humble pie.



Key
1. Repleted
2. Eminent
3. Steeped
4. Voracious
5. Indiscriminate
6. D
7. C
8. A
9. E
10. B

tunaungkyaw
09-25-2012, 02:45 PM
Welcome Back bro!

ေနမွဴးးး
09-26-2012, 05:08 PM
1st week / 2nd day

New words: abound technology prognosticate automaton matron
Solving the servant problem: The worlds of science-fiction abound with wonders. Yet modern technology progresses so rapidly that what may be today’s wild dream may be next year’s kitchen appliance. A British scientist has prognosticated that within ten years every sub-urban matron will have her own robot servant. One task this domesticated automaton will not have to contend with will be sourcing the oven because even today the newest ranges can be “ programmed” to reduce their own baked-on grime to easily disposed of ashes.

Sample Sentences: Now that you’ve seen the words used in context, and_ hopefully- have an idea of their meanings, try to use them in the following sentences. Remember that a word-ending may have to be changed.

1. The mayor refused to ……… as to his margin of victory in the election.
2. The time is approaching when human workers may be replaced by ……….
3. A clever salesman will always ask a …………… if her mother is at home.
4. The western plains used to …………… with bison before those animals were slaughtered by settlers.
5. Man may be freed from backbreaking labor by the products of scientific ………………..
6.
Definition: Test yourself now by matching the new words with the definitions. If you are sure of yourself cover the top half of this page before you begin.

6.Abound a. an older married woman
7. Technology b.branch of knowledge dealing with engineering, applied science, etc.
8. Prognosticate c.a robot: a mechanical “ person
9. Automaton d. to exist in great numbers
10. Matron e. to predict or foretell a future event

Today’s idiom : a pig in a poke – an item you purchase without having seen: a disappointment
The mail order bicycle that my nephew bought turned out to be a pig in a poke, and he is now trying to get his money back.

Key
1. Prognosticate
2. Automatons
3. Matron
4. Abound
5. Technology
6. D
7. B
8. E
9. C
10. A

ေနမွဴးးး
09-27-2012, 10:15 PM
1st Week/ 3rd day

New words: paradox realm annals compound tinge


It’s a Man’s World – How paradoxical that the world’s greatest chefs have all been men! Cooking would clearly seem to be a field that lies exclusively within women’s realm, yet the annals of cookery are replete* with masculine names: Brillant Savarin , Ritz, Diat, Larousse. To compound the puzzle, there has rarely been a tinge of rumor or scandal casting doubts on the masculinity of these heroes of cuisine.

( * replete – if you’ve forgotten the meaning , see 1st Week/ 1st day )

Sample Sentences: Try your hand now at using your new words by writing them in their correct form ( change endings if nessary ) in these sentences:

1. His gloom was now …………….by the failing mark on his geometry test.
2. The …………of sports are replete* with the names of great black athletes.
3. One of the great ………….. of American life is that though minority groups have suffered injustices, nowhere in the world have so many varied groups lived together so harmoniously.
4. A ………..of garlic is all that’s necessary in most recipes.
5. The cruel king would not allow the prince to enter his ……..,restricting him to the forest which abounded* with wild animals.
( *abounded-studied previously, see 1st week/2nd day )

Definitions: If you are having trouble in picking the right definitions, it may be best not to do them in the order given, but to do the ones you are surest of first.

6. Paradox a. a trace, smattering, or slight degree
7. Realm b. a statement which at first seems to be absurb or self-contradictory but which may in fact turn out to be true
8. Annals c. to increase or add to
9. Compound(v) d.historical records
10. Tinge ( n ) e.special field of something or someone; kingdom

Today’s Idiom- a flash in the pan- promising at the start but then disappointing
The rookie hit many home runs in spring training, but once the season began he proved to be a flash in the pan.

Key
1.compounded
2.annals
3.paradox
4.tinge
5.realm
6.B
7.E
8.d
9.c
10.A

ေနမွဴးးး
09-27-2012, 10:19 PM
1st Week/ 3rd day

New words: paradox realm annals compound tinge


It’s a Man’s World – How paradoxical that the world’s greatest chefs have all been men! Cooking would clearly seem to be a field that lies exclusively within women’s realm, yet the annals of cookery are replete* with masculine names: Brillant Savarin , Ritz, Diat, Larousse. To compound the puzzle, there has rarely been a tinge of rumor or scandal casting doubts on the masculinity of these heroes of cuisine.

( * replete – if you’ve forgotten the meaning , see 1st Week/ 1st day )

Sample Sentences: Try your hand now at using your new words by writing them in their correct form ( change endings if nessary ) in these sentences:

1. His gloom was now …………….by the failing mark on his geometry test.
2. The …………of sports are replete* with the names of great black athletes.
3. One of the great ………….. of American life is that though minority groups have suffered injustices, nowhere in the world have so many varied groups lived together so harmoniously.
4. A ………..of garlic is all that’s necessary in most recipes.
5. The cruel king would not allow the prince to enter his ……..,restricting him to the forest which abounded* with wild animals.
( *abounded-studied previously, see 1st week/2nd day )

Definitions: If you are having trouble in picking the right definitions, it may be best not to do them in the order given, but to do the ones you are surest of first.

6. Paradox a. a trace, smattering, or slight degree
7. Realm b. a statement which at first seems to be absurb or self-contradictory but which may in fact turn out to be true
8. Annals c. to increase or add to
9. Compound(v) d.historical records
10. Tinge ( n ) e.special field of something or someone; kingdom

Today’s Idiom- a flash in the pan- promising at the start but then disappointing
The rookie hit many home runs in spring training, but once the season began he proved to be a flash in the pan.

Key
1.compounded
2.annals
3.paradox
4.tinge
5.realm
6.B
7.E
8.d
9.c
10.A

ေနမွဴးးး
09-29-2012, 12:06 PM
1st Week/ 4th Day

New Words: badger implore drudgery interminable perceive

How Not To Get Your Way- It is difficult to change someone’s opinion by badgering him, The child who begs his mother to “get off his back” when she implores him for some assistance with the household drudgery, may very well plead interminably for some special privilege when he wants something for himself. How paradoxical* that neither is able to perceive that no one likes being nagged.

( *paradoxical – studied previously, see 1st Week / 3rd day )

Sample sentences: Getting the hang of it? Now go on to use the five new words in the following sentences:

1.She does her homework on Fridays to save herself from the ……………….of having to do it during the weekend.
2. The teacher continually ……….the pupil for the missing assignments.
3. The eminent scientist …………..difficulties in putting the invention into practice.
4.The sick child’s mother………….the doctor to come immediately.
5.I listened to the boring lecture for what seemed an …….. fifty minutes.

Definitions: Pick the letter of the definition that matches your new word and write it in the answer space.

6. badger( v ) a. unpleasant, dull or hard work
7.implore b.unending
8.drudgery c. to plead urgently for aid or mercy
9.interminable d.to understand, know,become aware of
10. perceive e.to pester,nag, annoy persistently

Today’s Idiom- to pour oil on troubled waters – to make peace, to calm someone down
When I tried to pour oil on troubled waters, both the angry husband and his wife stopped their quarrel and began to attack me.

Key
1. Drudgery
2. Badgers
3. Perceives
4. Implored
5. Interminable
6. E
7. C
8. A
9. B
10.D

ေနမွဴးးး
10-01-2012, 10:48 PM
1st Week / 5th Day
You have accomplished something worthwhile this week. In learning twenty useful words and four idioms, you have taken a step towards a grater mastery of our languages. As a result of todays lesson, you will become aware of those words which require greater study on your part for complete success in these first lessons.

Take the following quiz by matching the best possible definition with the word you have studied. Write the letter that stands for that definition in the appropriate answer space.

Review words Definition
…….1.Abound a. to be completely soaked in something
…….2.Annals b. to be able to tell what will happen in the future
…….3.Automaton c.someone’s special field
…….4.Badger d.to continually nag
……5.Compound e.carelessly chosen
……6.Drudgery f.related to science of engineering
……7.Eminent g.to add to
……8.Implore h. beg for assistance
……9.Indiscriminate j.of outstanding reputation
……10.Interminable k.a mature woman
……11.Matron l. a small amount
……12.Paradox m. dull, difficult work
……13.Perceive n. desiring huge amount
……14.Prognosticate o.existing in great number
……15.Realm p.historical record
……16.Replete r. to come to have an understanding of
……17.Steeped s. completely filled with
……18.Technology t. machined that behaves like a person
……19.Tinge u.seemingly self-contradictory situation
……20.Voracious v.unending

Idioms.
……21.To eat humble pie w.a blind item; poor purchase
……22.A pig in a poke x.admit to defeat
……23.A flash in the pan y. a star today, a flop tomorrow
……24.To pour oil on
troubled water z. to try to make peace


Underline the word that makes sense in each of the sentences below.

The huge football player had a ( voracious , replete ) appetite.
After a seemingly ( interminable,indiscriminate ) wait, the surgeon came to give us the news.
Without a ( paradox , tinge ) of evidence , the coroner could not solve the murder.
In the ( realm, annals ) of the blind, the one-eyed man is king.
We invited the ( eminent , steeped ) engineer to address our club.
In the Catskill Mountains, the woods ( abound,implore ) with deer.
I cannot ( perceive , prognosticate ) why people voted for the corrupt senator.
Night and day my kid brother ( badgers, compounds ) me for money.
Science fiction movies usually feature ( annals , automatons )
With his experience in ( drudgery,technology ), my uncle is able to earn a good salary.



Do these sentences make sense ?

The rookie was amazing in spring training but he turned out to be a flash in the pan.
I complained to the salesperson because he had sold me a pig in a poke.
When I tried to pour oil on troubled waters, I only made matters worse.
After the election, when my candidate conceded his loss, I had to eat humble pie.


Using the clues listed below. Fill in each blank in the following story with one of the new words you learned this week.

In the ………….of crime, there are few scoundrels who could match the exploits of Reggie Hayes, who also used the names of Reginald Haven. Ricardo Hermosa, Father Harris and dozens of other aliases. Reggie’s police record, principally in Chicago and Baltimore, is …………… with scams that he perpetrated upon gullible people. Generally, his favorite target was a …………….who should have known better.
Dressed as a priest ( “Father Harris” ) , he was most convincing , however.
His method of operation was to “ find” a wallet stuffed with hundred dollar bills outside a supermarket and then …………….an unsuspecting woman to share his good fortune, since there was no identification in the wallet. But first, to establish her credibility , his victim had to put up a sum of money as a testimonial to her good faith. Mrs. Emma Schultz age 72 tearfully told
the police that she had withdrawn $14.000 from her bank and placed it in a shopping bag supplied by the helpful priest. He told her to hold onto the bag while he went next door to a lawyer’s office to make the sharing of their good fortune legal.
After a seemingly ………….. wait, Mrs. Schultz discovered to her chagrin that the heartless thief had skipped out the back way, leaving her “ holding the bag” – a switched bag containing shredded newspaper-while he made his getaway with her life savings.
Clues 1. 3rd Day
2. 1st Day
3. 2nd Day
4. 4th Day
5.4th Day


Key
1.o
2.p
3.t
4.d
5.g
6.m
7.j
8.h
9.e
10.v
11.k
12.u
13.r
14.b
15.c
16.s
17.a
18.f
19.l
20.n
21.x
22.w
23.y
24.z

Sensible sentences
1.voracious
2.interminable
3.tinge
4.realm
5.eminent
6.abound
7.perceive
8.badgers
9.automatons
10.technology
11.yes
12.yes
13.yes
14.yes

WORDSEARCH 1
1.annals
2.replete
3.matron
4.implore
5.interminable

ေနမွဴးးး
10-02-2012, 09:36 PM
2nd Week/1st Day
New Words: laconic throng intrepid accost reticent

To the point – Calvin Coolidge, our thirtieth president was named “ Silent
Cal” by reporters because of his laconic speech. One
Sunday , after Mr. Coolidge had listened to an interminable*
sermon,a throng of newsmen gathered around him. An
intrepid reporter accosted the Chief Executive:
“Mr. President, we know that the sermon was on the topic
of sin. What did the minister say?” “He was against it, the
reticent Coolidge replied/
( * interminable – See 1st Week/4th Day)

Sample Sentences: Use the new words in the following sentences.

1. His speech was usually rambling, but this time I found it brief and …….
2. If a surely panhandler should …………….you, keep on walking.
3. Even under repeated questioning, the witness remained ………
4. A howling …………of teenage girls surrounded the rap artists.
5. The corporal received the Silver Star for his …………….deeds in combat.

Definitions: Match the new words with their dictionary meanings.

6. Laconic a. expressing much in few words
7. Throng b.brave
8. Intrepid c.to approach and speak to
9. Accost d.crowd
10. Reticent e.silent

Todays’s Idiom: the sword of Damocles – any imminent dange ( a king seated one of his
subjects underneath a sword that was hanging by a hair, in order to teach
him the dangers a king faces )
Although the president of the company seemed quite secure, he
always complained that there was a sword of Damocles hanging over
his head.

Key
1. Laconic
2. Accosted
3. Reticent
4. Throng
5. Intrepid
6. A
7. D
8. B
9. C
10. E

ေနမွဴးးး
10-06-2012, 09:51 PM
2nd Week/ 2nd Day
New words: furtive felon plethora hapless irate
If I had the wings of an Angel – Casting a furtive glance over his shoulder, the felon slipped
out the main prison gate to be swallowed up in the British
fog. A plethora of escapes from supposedly secure prisons

embarrassed the hapless wardens. To compound* their
problems, the officials were badgered* by irate citizens
who accused the guards of accepting bribes from convicts
whose motto was: “ Stone walls do not a prison make, nor
iron bars a cage.”
( * Compound – see 1st Week/3rd Day; *badgered-1st Week/4th Day )
Sample Sentences: Use the new words in the following sentences.
1. The………………contest winner was unable to locate the lucky ticket.
2. My uncle was …………irate when the drunken driver swerved in front of us.
3. In a ………..manner she removed her shoes and tiptoed up to her room.
4. When the teacher asked why the homework had not been done, he was greeted by a
……………of incredible alibis.
5. Since the boss learned that Bob associated with a known …………….., he fired him.

Definiton: Match the new words with their meanings.
6. Furtive a. angry, incensed
7. Felon b.a person guilty of a major crime
8. Plethora c.unfortunate
9. Hapless d.excess
10. Irate e.secret, stealthy

Today’s Idiom: Pyrrhic victory- a too costly victory ( King Pyrrhus defeated the Romans but his losses were extremely heavy )
In heavy fighting the troops managed to recapture
the hill, but it could only be considered a Pyrrhic victory.

Key:
1. Hapless
2. Irate
3. Furtive
4. Plethora
5. Felon
6. E
7. B
8. D
9. C
10. A

ေနမွဴးးး
10-12-2012, 08:34 PM
2nd Week / 4th Day

New words: avid cajole rudimentary enhance nuance

You’ve got to be As a avid football fan, I try to see every game the jets play.
a Football Expert Whenever I can cajole my father into accompanying me, I try to do
so. He has only a rudimentary knowledge of the game, and since I
steeped* in it, I enjoy explaining its intricate details to him. It
certainly does enhance your appreciation of football when you are
aware of every nuance of the sport.

Sample sentences: Use the new words in the following sentences. You may have to change
the end of the word.

1. Since my grasp of algebra is ……………,I cannot solve the problem.
2. The parakeet refused to be ………………into entering her cage.
3. It will ……………your enjoyment of an opera if you know what the plot is about in
advance.
4. In reading the satires of Jonathan Swift, one must be vigilant* in order to catch each ……….
5. Bill Clinton is an ………..reader of mystery stories.

Definitions: Match the new words with their meanings.

6. Avid a. eager
7. Cajole b.slight variation in meaning, tone,etc.
8. Rudimentary c.coax
9. Enhance d. intensify, heighten
10. Nuance e.elementary

Today’s Idiom : to beard the lion in his den- to visit and oppose a person on his own
grounds
Having decided to beard the lion, I stormed into the manager’s office to ask for a raise.

Key
1. Rudimentary
2. Cajoled
3. Enhance
4. Nuance
5. Avid
6. A
7. C
8. E
9. D
10. B

ေနမွဴးးး
10-13-2012, 09:45 PM
2nd Week / 5th Day

Write the letter that stands for that definition in the apporopriate answer space.

View words Definitions
………1.accost a.uncommunicative
……..2.adroit b.enthusiastic
……..3.avid c.alert
…….4.cajole d.overabundance
……5.enhance e.courageous
…..6.fabricate f.to greet first
….7.felon g.an excuse
…...8.furtive h.unlucky
……9.gesticulate j.angry
…..10.hapless k.angry
…..11.intrepid l.basic,elementary
…..12.irate m.clever
…..13.laconic n.to make up a lie
…..14. nuance o. great number of people
….15.plethora p.concise,pithy
….16. pretext r. to use lively gestures
….17.reticent s. shade of difference
….18. rudimentary t. sly
…..19.throng u.coax,wheedle
…..20. vigilant v. to make greater

IDIOMS
….21. the sword of Damocles w. an expensive conquest
….22. Pyrrhic victory x. spoilsport
….23.a wet blanket y.defy an opponent in his home
….24. to beard the lion z.any threatening danger

Using the clues listed below. Fill in each blank in the following story with one of the new words you learned this week.
The Best Laid Plans Gloria Rogers overslept and then had a sprint to catch the same
Greyhound Bus that she boarded on the last Thursday of every month. After a three-hour uneventful ride, she finally arrived at the bus terminal where a courtesy van was ready to transport bus passengers to Visitors Day at the State Penitentiary.
Although Gloria tried to act casual, she was more than a little nervous. Her boyfriend, Art, a convicted ……….had managed to gain admittance to the prison’s hospital on the ………..of having a gall bladder attack. Under her own slacks and bulky sweater, Gloria was wearing a set of clothes that she removed in the hospital bathroom and passed on to Art. He planned to use them after making an escape in the back of the prison ambulance that was parked outside his ward.
Art had spelled out his escape plan during Gloria’s last visit, spending an hour trying to ………….. her into being his accomplice. All that she had to do was appear to have a seizure. Then she would …………a story about her epilepsy while Art, with the smuggled clothes concealed under his prison bathrobe, would slip out of the ward during the excitement. Unfortunately for the schemers, a ……..hospital guard spotted Art climbing into the rear of the ambulance and quickly foiled the escape attempt. The result was that Art had three years added to his sentence and Gloria was imprisoned for her role in the misadventure.

Clues 1. 2nd day
2.3rd Day
3.4th Day
4.3rd Day
5.3rd Day

Key
1.f
2.m
3.b
4.u
5.v
6.n
7.k
8.t
9.r
10.h
11.e
12.j
13.p
14.s
15.d
16.g
17.a
18.l
19.q
20.c
21.z
22.w
23.x
24.y


WORDSEARCH -2
1.felon
2.pretext
3.cajole
4.fabricate
5.vigilant

ေနမွဴးးး
10-27-2012, 07:43 AM
3rd Week/1st Day

New words: loathe , reprimand , lackluster , caustic , wrest

The Pep Talk: “ If there’s one thing I loathe,” the coach said, “it’s a quitter.” He had good
he had good reason to reprimand us at half-time, because the scoreboard
revealed that we were losing,45-20. Our lackluster performance indicated to
him that we had forgotten the rudimentary* aspects of basketball. His
caustic remarks fired us up,however,and we dashed out,determined to wrest
control of the game from our rivals.

Sample sentences: Use the new words in the following sentences.
1. With the help of his brothers he was able to ……………the leadership of the company from his partner.
2. Speaking in a monotype, the polician was booed for his ………..address.
3. In a …………..article,the drama critic slaughtered the hapless* actors.
4. I ………spinach but I love other green vegetables.
5. When Ed arrived late, he knew that the grocer would ………..him.

Definitions: Match the new words with their dictionary definitions.
6. Loathe a.dull
7. Reprimand b. to hate
8. Lackluster c.sarcastic, biting
9. Caustic d.take by force
10.wrest e.to know sharp disapproval


Today’s Idiom Crocodile tears- insincere tears ( crocodiles were said to cry while eating their prey )
When the football player broke his leg, his substitute wept crocodile tears.

Key
1.wrest
2.lackluster
3.caustic
4.loathe
5.reprimand
6.b
7.e
8.a
9.c
10.d

NayNyo
10-27-2012, 10:49 PM
ေနမွဴး ေရ.....အားရပါးရ ပဲ ပုိစ္႕ေတြကေတာ႕.....။
တစ္ခ်ိဳ႕ နည္းနည္းခက္တဲ႔ meaning ေတြကို ျမန္မာလိုေလး ေဖၚျပေပးပါလား။ အမ တုိ႕လုိ႕ Beginner ေတြအတြက္..အခ်ိန္ရရင္ပါ။
အခိ်န္လုျပီး တန္ဖုိးရွိတဲ႔ ပုိစ္႕ေတြ ကုိတင္ေပးတဲ႔ အတြက္ ေက်းဇူးအမ်ားၾကီးတင္ပါတယ္။

ေနမွဴးးး
10-28-2012, 06:34 AM
3rd Week/2nd Day

New Words: infamous , jostle , dupe , incipient , inadvertent

The Handcuff Is Quicker Than The Eye : Slippery Eddie, the infamous pickpocket, was back at work, and
every detective had to be especially vigilant* . Eddie’s technique was to jostle a victim toward a confederate
who would them slip the man’s wallet out of his back pocket while Eddie was stammering an apology
to the confused dupe. Within a week the incipient crimewave came to an end when Slippery Eddie inadvertently
chose the chief of police for his victim. Although Eddie loathes* Sing Sing, it’s his permanent address now.

Sample Sentences:

1. By telling the truth, we stopped the …………….rumor from spreading.
2. The bombing of Pearl Harbor was referred to as an ……….deed.
3. The weathy ……………..consented to buy the often-sold Brooklyn Bridge.
4. When he attempted to ………….the old lady,she struck him with her umbrella.
5. Through an …………….error, the guided missile sped out of control.

Definitions

a. Infamous a. having a bad reputation
b. Jostle b.just beginning to exist
c. dupe (n) c.to shove hard
d. incipient d.a person easily tricked
e. inadvertend e.heedless,not attentive


Today’s Idiom- to carry the day- to win the approval of the majority
The secretary’s motion that we adjourn for lunch carried the day, and we headed for the restaurant.

Key
1.incipient
2.infamous
3.dupe
4.jostle
5.inadvertent
6.a
7.c
8.d
9.b
10.e

ေနမွဴးးး
10-28-2012, 06:55 AM
Thank you very much indeed for your valuable advice....
I shall edit my posts by the time I am not extremely busy....

ေနမွဴးးး
10-28-2012, 07:50 PM
3rd Week/ 3rd Day

New words: ominous , tremulous , repudiate ,cessation, bristle

Courtroom Drama There was an ominous silence when the jittery defendant rose in court. He explained in tremulous voice what had led him to
repudiate his confession made at the police station on the night of the crime. The audience began to buzz excitedly until the judge
demanded a cessation of the noise.Although the district attorney bristled with anger,the defendant kept insisting that his rights had
been violated because he had not been told that he could see a lawyer before confessing.

Sample sentences:
1. After the weatherman had seen the………..clouds, he prognosticated* rain.
2. The general attempted to ………….the testimony of the lieutenant, claimingthat the younge officer was not an authority on low level bombing.
3.Upon seeing the snake, the cat began to ………..with fear.
4.The widow’s ………….hands revealed her nervousness.
5. The ……………..of the shooting was replete* with benefits for both sides.

Definitions:
6.ominous a. a stopping
7.tremulous b.to reject, decline
8.repudiate c.stiffen with fear or anger
9.cessation d.threatening
10.bristle e.quivering

Today’s idiom Skid Row-disreputable part of town, inhabited by derelicts and people “ on the skid”.
The presence of so many bars has turned our neighborhood into another Skid Row.

Key
1.ominous
2.repudiate
3.bristle
4.tremulous
5.cessation
6.d
7.e
8.b
9.a
10.c

ေနမွဴးးး
10-30-2012, 07:33 PM
3rd Week/4th Day

New Words: euphemism, mundane ,incongruous ,condolence , stipulate
Call Me By My Right Name – My cousin refers to himself as a ‘sanitary engineer’- a euphemism for garbage collector. There are any number of people who
try to find more respectable or glamorous titles for the mundane jobs they hold.It may seem incongruous to call an undertaker
a “ condolence counselor,” or to refer to a taxi driver as a “ transportation expediter,”but some prefer those titles. As a matter of fact, our butcher has stipulated that from now on he wants to be known as a “ meat coordinator”. He became irate* when
I inadvertenly* called him “ Butch”.

Sample sentences:
1. We repudiated* the contract because it did not …………….. a cost of living bonus.
2. The word “ expired” is a …………… for “ died “.
3. When the neighbor’s dog was run over, we sent a …………. Card.
4. The philosopher dealt with spiritual things , ignoring the ………………. Ones.
5. The play was so ……………. that it seemed to be the work of several authors.


Definitions:
6. Euphemism a. worldly
7. Mundane b.a less offensive term
8. Incongruous c.to specify a condition
9. Condolence d.inappropriate
10. Stipulate e.pity

Today’s Idiom- to go up in smoke – to come to no practical result ( kindling smokes but it will not light a fire )
The mayor’s plans to get the gubernatorial nomination went up in smoke when he couldn’t end the costly strike.

Key
1. Stipulate, 2.euphemism ,3.bristle ,4. Mundane ,5.incongruous
6.b ,7.a , 8.d , 9.e 10.c

ေနမွဴးးး
10-31-2012, 10:46 PM
3rd Week / 5th Day
Review words
1.bristle a.despite
2.caustic b.menacing
3.cessation c.evil
4.condolence d.a pause
5.dupe e.just starting
6.euphemism f.trembling
7.inadvertent g.to have one’s hair stand up
8.incipient h.stinging
9.incongruous j.earthly
10.infamous k.due to an oversight, negligent
11.jostle l.make a specific demand
12.lackluster m.to push, to elbow
13.loathe n.an easily-fooled person
14.mundane o.expression of sympathy
15.ominous p.to scold severely
16.reprimand r.seize
17.repudiate s.having inconsistent elements
18.stipulate t.disown, refuse to accept
19.tremulous u.lacking brightness
20.wrest v.saying something in a less direct way

Idioms
21.crocodile tears w.run down district
22.to carry the day x.hypocritical sympathy
23.Skid Row y.to win the honors
24.to go up in smoke z.end fruitlessly


Using the clues listed below.Fill in each blank in the following story with one of the new words you learned this week.
Desert Storm Decision – In the 1991 Persian Gulf War, where the United Nations forces led by Americans, ousted the invading Iraqi army from
Kuwait’s soil , the …………….of combat took place in short order after the Allies were able to ………………. control of the skies from
the ………….Saddam Hussein’s air force.
General H.Norman Schwarzkopf, the U.S field commander, tended to …………..when asked by the media why he hadn’t pursued
Theenermy all the way to Baghdad saying:
“It would have been foolhardy for us to try to occupy theat capital city and pile up American casualties from sniper attacks by
Iraq’s guerillas. That may be hard for you Monday morning quarterbacks to understand but I thoroughly agreed with the
President who was convinced that such an action would have sent a bad message to the Arab world and would have splintered
The Allied partnership.”
Schwarzkopf reiterated that it was his mission to hurl back the invaders with a minimum of bloodshed but not,he added in a
………………tone, “ to splatter Saddam over the desert sands. That dictator’s days are numbered.” the general concluded. “ but I
Expect his end is likely to come at the hands of his own people.”

Clues
1.3rd Day
2.1st day
3.2nd Day
4.3rd Day
5.1st day

Key
1.g
2.h
3.d
4.o
5.n
6.v
7.k
8.e
9.s
10.c
11.m
12.u
13.a
14.j
15.b
16.p
17.t
18.l
19.f
20.r
21.x
22.y
23.w
24.z

Wordsearch
1.cessation
2.wrest
3.infamous
4.bristle
5.caustic

ေနမွဴးးး
11-01-2012, 09:09 PM
4th Week/1st Day

New words: alacrity ,disdain , belligerent, intimidate,feint

Mullins a K.O. Victim When the bell sounded , K.O Mullins responded with alacrity. He sprang from his stool and charged across the ring
showing disdain for the champion’s strength. Although this belligerent attitude impressed the referee,it failed to
intimidate the champ. That intrepid* battler laid the hapless* Mullins low with an adroit* feint and an uppercut.

Sample sentences: Use the new words in the following sentences.

1. The motorist tried to …………………the police officer, telling him of his eminent* friends in high places.
2. The Germans were duped* by the Allies’ …………toward the south , leaving the way open for the Normandy invasion.
3. The waiter moved with …………….because he perceived* they were big tippers.
4. His ……………….manner caused him to lose one friend after another.
5. When the curtain came down, the critic’s face registered the ………..she felt for the lackluster* play.

Definitions: Match the new words with their meanings.
6. Alacrity a. contempt
7. Disdain b. a false attack
8. Belligerent c.warlike
9. Intimidate d.to overawe
10. Feint e.briskness, lively action

Today’s Idiom- to throw down the gauntlet- to challenge someone ( when the gauntlet, or medieval glove, was thrown down, the challenger was required to pick it up )
The principal of our rival school threw down the gauntlet, and we had no choice but to accept the challenge.

Key
1.intimidate ,2.feint,3.alacrity,4.belligerant,5.disdane,6.e,7.a,8.c,9.d,10.b

ေနမွဴးးး
11-11-2012, 04:44 PM
4th Week/ 2nd Day

New words: pugnacious,promulgate,brash,scoff,belittle

Mullin Throws Down the Gauntlet* - The pugnacious K.O.Mullins demanded a rematch.He took a full-page newspaper advertisement to promulgate his challenge. When the champ’s manager saw the brash announcement,he accosted* Mullins who was surrounded by a throng* of newsmen. The manager openly scoffed at Mullins and belittled his fighting ability. Mullins then lost his temper and fearlessly punched the manager,knocking him from his wheelchair.

Sample sentence: Use the new words in the following sentences.

1. We implored* the faculty advisor to …………….the requirements for the presidency of the club.
2. My mother liked the salesman’s …………..personality , but he irritated most people.
3. I don’t understand modern art, but I neither loathe* not ………….at it.
4. Since everyone can outpunch my cosin,he cannot afford to be ……………..
5. Although Ralph can’t play, he doesn’t hesitate to …………….the efforts of our football team.



Definitions: Match the new words with their meanings.

6. Pugnacious a.quarrelsome
7. Promulgate b. to make seem less important
8. Brash c. to sneer at
9. Scoff d.impudent
10. Belittle e. to make known officially

Today’s Idiom- feeling no pain – drunk
Although the party had just begun, after his first drink he was feeling no pain.

Key
1. Promulgate
2. Brash
3. Scoff
4. Pugnacious
5. Belittle
6. A
7. E
8. D
9. C
10. B


Supplementaries

Mullins Throws Down the Gauntlet* - Mullins issues a challenge

ျပိဳင္ပြဲေနာက္တစ္ၾကိမ္လုပ္ဖို႕ကို ရန္လိုတဲ႕ K.O Mullins က ေတာင္းဆိုပါတယ္….သူက သတင္းစာမွာ စာရြက္အျပည္႕ လူတိုင္းသိေအာင္ ေၾကာ္ျငာထည္႕ပါတယ္….ခ်န္ပီယံရဲ႕ မန္ေနဂ်ာက အဲဒီေၾကာ္ျငာကို ျမင္တဲ႕အခါ Journalist ၾကားထဲမွာေရာက္ေနတဲ႕ Mullinsဆီ ကို ရဲရဲ၀င္႕၀င္႔ ပဲသြားလိုက္တယ္….မန္ေနဂ်ာက Mullin ရဲ႕ အရည္အခ်င္းေတြကို အထင္္မၾကီးတဲ႕အေၾကာင္း ၊ သူစိန္ေခၚတာကို မေထာက္ခံေၾကာင္းJournalist ေတြကို ေျပာခ်လိုက္ပါေတာ႕တယ္….အဲဒီအခ်ိန္မွာပဲ Mullin က ေဒါသထြက္သြားျပီး မန္ေနဂ်ာကို wheelchair ေပၚက ျပဳတ္က်ေအာင္ ဆြဲထိုးပါေတာ႕တယ္….

Today’s Idiom - ပါတီက စရုံပဲရွိေသးေပမယ္႕ သူကတစ္ခြက္ေလာက္ေသာက္ျပီး မူးေနျပီ…

ေနမွဴးးး
11-11-2012, 04:45 PM
4th Week/ 2nd Day

New words: pugnacious,promulgate,brash,scoff,belittle

Mullin Throws Down the Gauntlet* - The pugnacious K.O.Mullins demanded a rematch.He took a full-page newspaper advertisement
To promulgate his challenge. When the champ’s manager saw the brash announcement,he
Accosted* Mullins who was surrounded by a throng* of newsmen. The manager openly scoffed
At Mullins and belittled his fighting ability. Mullins then lost his temper and fearlessly punched
The manager,knocking him from his wheelchair.


Sample sentence: Use the new words in the following sentences.

1. We implored* the faculty advisor to …………….the requirements for the presidency of the club.
2. My mother liked the salesman’s …………..personality , but he irritated most people.
3. I don’t understand modern art, but I neither loathe* not ………….at it.
4. Since everyone can outpunch my cosin,he cannot afford to be ……………..
5. Although Ralph can’t play, he doesn’t hesitate to …………….the efforts of our football team.


Definitions: Match the new words with their meanings.

6. Pugnacious a.quarrelsome
7. Promulgate b. to make seem less important
8. Brash c. to sneer at
9. Scoff d.impudent
10. Belittlee. to make known officially


Today’s Idiom- feeling no pain – drunk
Although the party had just begun, after his first drink he was feeling no pain.


Key
1. Promulgate
2. Brash
3. Scoff
4. Pugnacious
5. Belittle
6. A
7. E
8. D
9. C
10. B


Supplementaries

Mullins Throws Down the Gauntlet* - Mullins issues a challenge

ျပိဳင္ပြဲေနာက္တစ္ၾကိမ္လုပ္ဖို႕ကို ရန္လိုတဲ႕ K.O Mullins က ေတာင္းဆိုပါတယ္….သူက သတင္းစာမွာ စာရြက္အျပည္႕ လူတိုင္းသိေအာင္ ေၾကာ္ျငာထည္႕ပါတယ္….ခ်န္ပီယံရဲ႕ မန္ေနဂ်ာက အဲဒီေၾကာ္ျငာကို ျမင္တဲ႕အခါ Journalist ၾကားထဲမွာေရာက္ေနတဲ႕ Mullinsဆီ ကို ရဲရဲ၀င္႕၀င္႔ ပဲသြားလိုက္တယ္….မန္ေနဂ်ာက Mullin ရဲ႕ အရည္အခ်င္းေတြကို အထင္္မၾကီးတဲ႕အေၾကာင္း ၊ သူစိန္ေခၚတာကို မေထာက္ခံေၾကာင္းJournalist ေတြကို ေျပာခ်လိုက္ပါေတာ႕တယ္….အဲဒီအခ်ိန္မွာပဲ Mullin က ေဒါသထြက္သြားျပီး မန္ေနဂ်ာကို wheelchair ေပၚက ျပဳတ္က်ေအာင္ ဆြဲထိုးပါေတာ႕တယ္….

Today’s Idiom - ပါတီက စရုံပဲရွိေသးေပမယ္႕ သူကတစ္ခြက္ေလာက္ေသာက္ျပီး မူးေနျပီ…

ေနမွဴးးး
11-18-2012, 10:35 PM
4th Week/ 3rd Day
New words: tangible laceration castigate sordid octogenarian
Mullins Forced to Eat Hamble Pie* - The irate* 80-year-old manager pressed charges against K.O.Mullins, suing him for assult. As tangible evidence of the attack, he pointed to a deep laceration over his eyebrow that had required ten stitches. When the case was brought before the court, the judge castigated Mullins for the sordid incident. In addition to a costly financial settlement,Mullins was required to make a public apology to the octogenarian.

Sample sentences:
1. The medic reached into his kit to find a bandage for the ugly …………
2. Mr.Dixon belittled* our request for ………… proof of his loyalty.
3. The kindly foreman was reticent* to openly ………..the clumsy new worker.
4. When the teenager announced her engagement to the ……………….the public suspected it to be a publicity stunt.
5. Stories of their ………….. youth poured forth from the unhappy felons*.

Definitions:
6. Tangible a. having actual form
7. Laceration b. to correct by punishing
8. Castigate c. jagged wound
9. Sordid d.dirty, base
10. Octogenarian e. person in his or her eighties

Today’s Idiom – Hobson’s choice – to have no choice at all ( Mr. Hobson owned a livery stable but he did not allow the customers to pick their own horses )
Despite all the talk about democracy in my family,my father usually gives the rest of us Hobson’s choice.

Key
1. Laceration
2. Tangible
3. Castigate
4. Octogenarian
5. Sordid
6. A
7. C
8. B
9. D
10. E

Mullin ကို အျပစ္ရွိေၾကာင္း၀န္ခံေစျခင္း
ေဒါသထြက္ေနေသာ အသက္၈၀ရွိေနျပီျဖစ္သည္႕ မန္ေနဂ်ာသည္ Mullins ကို ကို္ယ္ထိလက္ေရာက္ေစာ္ကားမႈအတြက္ တရားစြဲေစသည္။ Mullin က လက္သီးျဖင္႔ထိုးလိုက္ေသာေၾကာင္႔ မ်က္ခံုးကြဲသြားျပီး ဆယ္ခ်က္ခ်ဳပ္လိုက္ရသည္ဟု ၄င္းက ေျပာၾကားသည္။ တရားရုံးတြင္ အမႈစစ္ေသာအခါ တရားသူၾကီးက ထိုစိတ္မေကာင္းဖြယ္ျဖစ္ေသာ ဒဏ္ရာရမႈအတြက္ ျပင္းထန္စြာအမိန္႕ခ်မွတ္လိုက္ပါေတာ႔သည္။ ေဆးကုသမႈကုိ က်ခံရမယ္႕အျပင္
လူအမ်ားေရွ႕တြင္ Mullin က မန္ေနဂ်ာကို ျပန္လည္ေတာင္းပန္ရမည္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

ေနမွဴးးး
11-25-2012, 10:20 PM
4th Week/ 4th Day

New Words: solace aspirant dregs frenzy scurrilous

The Decline of Mullins: Mullins sought solace in whiskey. Once a highly-respected aspirant for the lightweight crown, he now found himself associating with the dregs of Skid Row.* He would work himself into an alcoholic frenzy in which he would trumpet scurrilous attacks on the champ, the old manager, and the judge.One avid* fight fan attributed Mullins’ absence from the ring to sickness, saying that he was “ recovering from a bad case of-SCOTCH.”

Sample sentences:
1. Vigilant* censors protect the public from listening to ………… language on television.
2. The publisher scoffed* at the reports that he was an ………… for the job of Secretary of State.
3. In a ………….. the teenagers overturned every drawer while searching for the car keys.
4. At the bottom of the beautiful wine bottle, only the ………. Remained.
5. In trying to offer ………… to the pilot’s wife, the reporter inadvertently* made the situation worse.

Definitions: Match the new words with their meanings.
6. Solace a. most worthless part
7. Aspirant b.coarse
8. Dregs c.easing of grief
9. Frenzy d.wild fit
10. Scurrilous e.candidate for high position

Today’s Idiom- to rule the roost- to be in charge, to be master ( a roost is a perch where domestic birds can asleep )
Although he is a lowly private in the army, at home he rules the roost.

Key
1. Scurrilous
2. Aspirant
3. Frenzy
4. Dregs
5. Solace
6. C
7. E
8. A
9. D
10. B